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The 5 Main Steps of Indoor Vertical Gardening

Vertical Gardening

Most people think they need a house with a backyard to start a garden. The truth is that you can start a garden without any backyard. In fact, you could live in a small apartment in the city and create a garden inside your unit.

Don’t allow limited horizontal space to stop you from making your dream come true. As long as you have vertical space in your home, you can grow fruits and vegetables from the floor to the ceiling. This setup is called indoor vertical gardening

The trend of tiny houses and minimalist style living has caused more people to develop an interest in vertical gardening. The most attractive aspect of vertical gardening is that you can do it anywhere. It doesn’t necessarily have to be out on a porch or balcony. Your vertical garden could be in the kitchen, living room, or bedroom too.

Below are the five main steps or tips for your first vertical garden.

1) Find an Area with Sunlight

Virtually all plants need sunlight to grow and thrive. Your vertical garden’s location must have access to adequate amounts of sunlight. If it is an indoor vertical garden, it would need to be near a window that allows enough natural lighting to get through. Some people choose to use artificial UV lighting as an alternative to sunlight. But that is not recommended for amateurs because it needs to be managed just right to be effective.

2) Select the Fruits and Vegetables to Grow

Which vegetables and fruits do you want to grow in your vertical garden? The lighting conditions should factor into your decision here. After all, certain vegetables and fruits respond better to dimly lit environments than others.  

For example, leafy green vegetables can grow fine in dimly lit environments. Some of which might include kale, spinach, cabbage and collards. But if you have vast amounts of sunlight in your area, you could grow just about anything. The most sun-friendly vegetables to grow are tomatoes and peppers.

3) Decide on the Design of Your Vertical Garden

How do you want to contain the soil and crops in your vertical garden? One popular way is to have hanging baskets placed up and down the garden. If you have any handyperson skills, you could build shelves along the side of a wall and place crop containers on each shelf. And if you need to make more room, place a hanging basket on the end of each shelf.  Some vegetable plants grow vines, including tomatoes and cucumbers. If you’re planning to grow any vining vegetables, then add a trellis to your list of vertical gardening supplies. A trellis is explicitly designed for plants that spread and grow vines. There are small and large trellises available, depending on how much free space you have indoors. Choose the best-sized trellis for your particular vertical garden location.

4) Plant and Maintain Your Crops

Now the fun begins. It is time to create and build your vertical garden. If you’ve ever managed a traditional outdoor garden, then it won’t take you long to figure out vertical gardening.

Many of the responsibilities are the same. You need to plant seeds in nutrient-rich soil and then add water and fertilizer to it regularly. Some vegetable plants require water more frequently, such as tomato plants. You’ll learn about this as you research which crops to grow (refer to Step #2).

5) Harvest the Crops

The best part of vertical gardening is the harvest. People tend to have more success in growing vegetables and fruits in a vertical garden because there are fewer threats to crops. Typical outdoor pests like worms, slugs, flies and ants do not pose a massive threat to indoor vertical gardens. However, you should apply natural pesticides to your indoor vertical garden crops as a safety precaution. Since they’re “natural” pesticides, they won’t negatively affect your health as chemical-based pesticides do. 

Final Words

Are you ready to start a vertical garden in your apartment or house? Use these steps to guide you through the process from beginning to end. It is much easier than you think!

Steve Hodson

What started out as an intention to grow my own food for economic and environmental reasons has turned into a passion and a mission to share my research and knowledge with as many people as possible. Its one of the most satisfying healthy things I have done leaving a great feeling of self achievement and independence.

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